Away from coastal areas, the cold months are usually dry, and in the south the thermometer seldom falls below zero Fahrenheit. Moreover, Finnish homes and public transportation are very well-insulated and heated.
For daily wear at university, lecturers normally wear casual suits, sport coats, or even sweaters and ties (skirts and blouses, slacks and sweaters, pantsuits). Student wear is similar to that in the United States, but graduate grantees should bring some nice options for interviews, dinner invitations, or special occasions.
You may need formal wear (dark suit or dress) on occasion, including receptions, the opening ceremonies of the academic year, and invitations to the homes of your university rector or host professor. To wear turtlenecks, sport coats or light-colored suits at such occasions may be considered inappropriate by both the hosts and other guests. It all depends on the situation; it is quite okay, and recommended, to ask your host.
Dress for the Season
As is the case in any country, it is important to dress for the climate. This is especially true in a country like Finland that experiences all of the seasons to some degree.
- Sturdy, insulated walking shoes for Fall, Winter and early Spring
- Raincoat and rubber boots for the rainy period of October-December
- Woolen socks
- Long underwear, woolen tights or long woolen stockings for winter when outside
Clothing in general is more expensive in Finland. You may want to keep this in mind when planning your clothing needs. Some of the best buys in winter wear are found at the flea markets and second hand stores, where it is often possible to pick up winter clothes and shoes in new condition at bargain prices. Every city has its own area where locals go bargain-hunting –ask your colleagues and friends.
Video by YLE Oulu about how to dress for -5, -15 and -30 degree weather. Caption: How to stay warm during Finnish winter days!)
Dressing in layers is wise. You will often move from well-heated buildings out into the cold and wet and then back. Headwear is essential in the winter, although if you do not normally wear a hat or cap you could wait to purchase one in Finland so you will have something appropriate for the climate.
Hanger loops for jackets
If you bring coats or down jackets from the United States, make sure they have hanger loops on the inside collar. This is especially necessary for hanging up children’s outerwear at schools or day-care centers. Every restaurant, school or other coat-check facility will have an attendant who will take your coat and try to hang it by the hanger-loop provided in all coats sold in Finland. Coats without loops soon fall off the peg and may end up on the floor. Dry cleaning bills are considerably more expensive than hanger loop installation!
Children dress more or less the same way for school in Finland as they do in America. Blue jeans are common; these and pants are useful for both boys and girls for playwear. Girls often wear woolen stockings or leotards to school, and use ski pants or pants for sports in winter. Long underwear in winter is a must, especially for sports. Finnish snow suits for children are of good quality. School children need book and accessory bags, and soft slippers to wear in the schoolroom; these can be easily purchased in Finland.
Remember that younger children seldom wish to stand out by dressing differently from their peers. Finnish tradition and climate result in the popularity of certain types of clothing and accessories. It is therefore best not to ship extra clothing for your younger children; wait until you are familiar with what their Finnish classmates or playmates are wearing. Perhaps you could arrange for a friend to mail over reserve boxes of extra clothing if the situation warrants, rather than bringing everything with you, only to end up acquiring in Finland most of what your child will actually wear.
Laundry and Dry Cleaning
Bring along as much wash-and-wear clothing as possible. Dressing in layers is advisable rather than lots of thick, woolen garments that require dry cleaning.
Although dry cleaning is easily available, it is considerably more expensive than in the United States. Easily-dried fabrics are thus preferable. Clothes dryers are becoming more common, but hang-drying is still the rule.
Clothes-washing in general takes longer in Finland. Washing machines first take in cold water, then heat the water, then wash the clothes, and then spin after the rinse cycle. European washing machines also have smaller capacities, and they process the fabric longer and more thoroughly than most American machines. Many washing machines have a separate option for a short cycle that lasts from 20 to 60 minutes.
When washing a load of laundry by machine, expect it to take longer than in the U.S. Add to this the time required to hang-dry and you are led to certain conclusions about the types of clothing you should bring along, and how long you will spend doing laundry. Commercial self-service laundry facilities, Laundromats, are quite rare. Student housing and many apartment buildings include laundry facilities, and housing supplied for lecturers and research scholars will often have a washing machine. If your housing does not include one, plan on hand-washing your clothing until an alternative can be found.