Passport and Residence Permit

Please read the information on this website carefully before starting the residence permit application process and make sure you follow the instructions for the correct permit that is applicable to your individual situation.
All VFS Global Centers in the U.S. are open again and are now seeing applicants for residence permit interviews. You must have an in-person interview at one of the Centers (or Consulate) before you are issued a residence permit. 
If the VFS Global Centers close down again (due to COVID-19), the Finnish Consulates may, in urgent cases, make appointments for applicants. Please contact the Finnish Consulates directly to inquire about possible appointments. 
NY -  [email protected]
LA - [email protected]

According to the Finnish Immigration Service Migri, you can submit your permit application via Migri’s online service Enter Finland and pay the processing fee online. However, Migri will begin to process your application once your identity has been verified at a VFS Global Center or a Finnish mission.

Please k
eep checking the VFS Global Center website, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs’ website and for the latest information on VFS Global Center appointment availability and updates on traveling to Finland.


If you do not already have a valid U.S. passport, obtain one from the nearest U.S. passport office or its local agent. 

Dual Citizens

The U.S. State Department’s position is that dual U.S. citizens who take part in the Fulbright Program travel on their U.S. passports, even if it entails extra time and expenses.

However, the Finnish Immigration Service (the authority making Finnish residence permits decisions) advises the following:

  • Dual Finnish-U.S. citizens can stay in Finland without a Finnish residence permit. They cannot apply for a Finnish residence permit.
  • Grantees with U.S. and other EU country citizenship should follow the EU citizen registration process when coming to Finland instead of applying for a Finnish residence permit. Please see detailed EU citizen registration instructions at the Finnish Immigration Service website.

Residence Permit

Most Fulbright grantees and their accompanying family members need a residence permit for their stay in Finland. Grantees are personally responsible for obtaining a passport and the residence permit required. 

As a general rule, if your stay exceeds 90 days, you must receive a residence permit before entering Finland. However, with the current border restrictions (due to COVID-19), all U.S. grantees must have a residence permit to enter Finland – including grantees with short-term visits (less than 90 days). 

The grantees and their accompanying family members are provided a residence permit allowance by the Fulbright Finland Foundation. Grantees will receive further instructions on the payment of the allowance from their program coordinator. Teacher grantees must consult IREX on grant benefits.

The residence permit is issued in a form of a separate residence permit card.

Visa or residence permit?

In Finland, the term “visa” refers to a permit issued for a short-term (maximum three months) stay in Finland. Visas are usually issued for business and tourism purposes, and are required from non-visa exempt citizens.

“Residence permit”, in turn, refers to a permit issued for reasons other than business and tourism purposes, and for a stay of longer than three months (in Finland).

Application Process in Short

  • Begin the residence permit process at least 5 months before your planned arrival to Finland (as advised by Migri in June 2021). Please note that collecting all the documents required for the permit application may take several months. Migri does not advise, however, to submit the permit application more than six months before your arrival to Finland.
  • The Finnish Immigration Service Migri makes the decision on your residence permit application.
  • Begin your residence permit application process by first reading the instructions on this page so that you learn which one of the different residence permits you need to apply for.
  • After reading the instructions on this site, fill in an electronic residence permit application at Migri’s online service website Enter Finland. You can track the progress of your application in your personal user account. Please note that even though Migri uses the term "embassy" in the Enter Finland portal, U.S. citizens cannot apply for residence permits through the Finnish Embassy in the U.S. You can apply for residence permits through the VFS Global Application Centers (or Finnish Consulates). Please see details below.
  • Make an appointment with VFS Global. As part of the residence permit application, you are required to make an in-person visit to one of the Application Centers in the U.S. maintained by VFS Global. The Finnish Consulate urges grantees to primarily make an appointment with the VFS Global Center rather than with the Finnish Consulate. However, please note that if you are required to use the OLE_MUU residence permit application, your only option is to visit the Consulate in New York or Los Angeles (as of October 2019) and you cannot visit any of the VFS Global Application Centers. If getting an appointment with VFS Global is very difficult, please contact NY Consulate for further advice ([email protected]).
    • The VFS Global Application Centers are located in Washington D.C., New York, Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. Washington State residents can also alternatively visit the Center located in Vancouver (Canada). 
    • You can decide which Application Center (or Consulate/OLE_MUU applicants) you prefer to visit.
      • Your biometric data (fingerprints) will be collected during your visit to the Centers or Consulates, and your original application documents will be checked. The collection of biometric data is an EU-wide regulation where the EU is following the lead of the U.S., which for some time has collected fingerprints from all visa applicants.
    • After you have submitted your application online and visited one of the Visa Application Centers or Consulates/OLE_MUU applicants, Migri will make a decision on your application. At the end of the process, the Visa Application Center/Consulate will mail the residence permit to your address in the U.S.
    • Application Center Helpline - VFS Global
      Call Center: +1 212-203-0023 (Mon-Fri from 8:00 to 18.00 CST)
      Email: info.finres.usa(a)
      FAQ's: Please see here

    Please see detailed application instructions below.

    If your stay is less than 90 days

    As of July 26, 2021 persons from all countries are granted entry to Finland, provided that they can present a certificate for having receiving full vaccination series of a valid Covid-19 vaccine prior to arrival. Please see further information at the Finnish Border Guard website (section 4. Restriction Category 2) and follow the website for any possible updates on the regulations.

    New regulation for 2022!
    New European Travel Information and Authorization System ETIAS requires U.S. citizens traveling to Finland (and other European countries in the Schengen Zone) without residence permit, to apply for the ETIAS authorization before departing the U.S. This is done by submitting an application online after which the application is processed and the applicant sent an ETIAS authorization to their email. The ETIAS system is expected to be in place by 2022, but it won’t be mandatory until 2023. Please see further information at and

    According to the Finnish immigration regulations, you do not need a residence permit if you are coming to Finland for a period shorter than 90 days to work as a researcher on the basis of an invitation or a contract. This regulation concerns Fulbright scholars, specialists and teachers. According to the grantee feedback, the residence permit may however at times come in handy when handling practicalities in Finland.

    In retrospect, I should have applied for a residence permit, even though my stay was less than 90 days because the residence permit is necessary for receiving a Finnish ID number. Having the ID number is extremely helpful for: opening a bank account with full services, registering for child care, and receiving discounts on bus passes, among other things.  
    -  U.S. Scholar 2015-2016

    It is also possible to apply for a residence permit for stays under 90 days, but please note that there are some practicalities to consider, such as the cost of the permit, and the costs of traveling to one of the Application Centers in the U.S. If your stay in Finland is less than 90 days and you are considering obtaining a residence permit, please contact the Fulbright Finland Foundation before starting the application process.

    Residence Permit Application Process

    We strongly recommend that you begin the application process well in advance – preferably 5 months prior to your planned arrival in Finland, as securing appointments for biometrics may take time. The earlier you do so, the more time you will also be giving yourself to get all of your necessary paperwork and documentation in order. Additionally, you should keep in mind that the processing of your residence permit application cannot be started until you have submitted all the required paperwork.

    Please also check the pages of the Finnish Immigration Service Migri and VFS Global prior to applying for the residence permit, since there might be changes after the writing of this Guide.

    You will also have an opportunity to stay in Finland (and the passport-free Schengen area comprised of twenty-six European countries) as a tourist before the start date of your residence permit and after the end date of your residence permit for a maximum of 90 days in total. Many Fulbrighters have arrived early or stayed after their grant period to enjoy the beautiful Finnish summer, or to travel in Finland and around Europe. Please remember that your ASPE benefit is valid only during your official grant term dates.

    If you would like to stay in Finland for purposes other than tourism, please contact the Fulbright Finland Foundation for more information.

    Detailed instructions

    Listed below you can find program specific instructions on applying for a residence permit. Please make sure that you follow the instructions meant for your grant category.

    • Scholars (All Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program participants except the Mid-Career Professional Development Program participants)
    • Professionals (Mid-Career Professional Development and Fulbright Distinguished Awards in Teaching Program participants)
    • Students (All Fulbright U.S. Student Program awardees, start from this site)

    Fulbright Specialists and New Century Scholar Grantees


    Fulbright Specialists: generally spend 14-42 days in Finland. For visits shorter than 90 days no residence permit is required. A Specialist may extend their stay in Finland beyond the Specialist program dates for professional or personal reasons, such as for continued cooperation with the department or for tourist travel. The Specialist is required to notify the Fulbright Finland Foundation of any such plans. In such cases, if the stay in Finland or other Schengen countries exceeds 90 days, please refer to instructions for Fulbright scholars (above). The CIES Specialist grant will not cover any extensions to the program. The Specialist and/or the Finnish host department are/is responsible for any additional costs.

    New Century Scholar Grantees: The NCS grant includes an international research visit component. If the NCS scholar’s stay in Finland and other Schengen countries does not exceed 90 days, no visa or residence permit is required. If the stay exceeds 90 days, please refer to instructions for Fulbright scholars (above).